The measurement and characterisation of surface topography is crucial to modern manufacturing industry. The control of areal surface structure allows a manufacturer to radically alter the functionality of a part. Examples include structuring to effect fluidics, optics, tribology, aerodynamics and biology. To control such manufacturing methods requires measurement strategies. There is now a large range of new optical techniques on the market, or being developed in academia, that can measure areal surface topography. Each method has its strong points and limitations. The book starts with introductory chapters on optical instruments, their common language, generic features and limitations, and their calibration. Each type of modern optical instrument is described (in a common format) by an expert in the field. The book is intended for both industrial and academic scientists and engineers, and will be useful for undergraduate and postgraduate studies.
Richard obtained a BSc in Applied Physics with Microelectronics and Computing from Kinston University in 1989, an MSc in Industrial Measurement Systems from Brunel University in 1994 and PhD in Surface Metrology from University of Warwick in 2000. His PhD thesis topic was the development of the World's first inherently traceable method for surface profile measurement. He has been with NPL since 1990 and has worked in the areas of surface metrology, end standard measurement, co-ordinate metrology and nanometrology.
Richard is on the Council of the European Society of Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology, the Board of Directors of the American Society of Precision Engineering, the Institute of Nanotechnology Advisory Board, the EPSRC Peer Review College, the International Committee on Measurements and Instrumentation and several international standards committees. He is the European Editor-in-Chief for Precision Engineering and the founder of the new Institute of Physics journal: Surface Topography: Metrology & Properties. He has over 200 publications including three textbooks. Richard is a Fellow of the Institute of Physics, the Institution of Engineering & Technology, the Institute of Nanotechnology, the Royal Society for the encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce and a Sustained Member of the American Society of Precision Engineers and a Chartered Physicist.
Richard is currently a Principal Research Scientist at the National Physical Laboratory in the UK and a visiting professor at Loughborough University and the Harbin Institute of Technology. He leads the research of the Dimensional Nanometrology Team within the Engineering Measurement Division (www.npl.co.uk/nanometrology).