The chemical nanotechnology is one of the special areas of nanotechnology. By varying the composition, shape, size or character of the surface, these nanoparticles can be shaped time and again into small building blocks, resulting in unprecedented scopes for material design. At this moment in time, the developments in the field of modern nanotechnology provide amazing success stories, such as the possibility for reconstructing surface structures for industrial materials that are demonstrated to us in nature. The reader will receive an overview of coatings systems based on the application of chemical nanotechnology. Practitioners will be given an introduction to nanostructured coatings and experts will find the account of various silanebased materials useful.