This book examines women's experiences of motherhood in England in the years between 1945 and 2000. Based on a new body of 160 oral history interviews, the book offers the first comprehensive historical study of the experience of motherhood in the second half of the twentieth century. Motherhood is an area where a number of discourses and practices meet. The book therefore forms a thematic study looking at aspects of mothers' lives such as education, health care, psychology, labour market trends and state intervention. Looking through the prism of motherhood provides a way of understanding the complex social changes that have taken place in the post-war world. This book will consider how women's experiences of motherhood reveal the change in women's lives, gender relations, culture and society, family and community patterns, health and welfare, and the relationship between the family and the state, that took place in these years. Drawing on the themes of continuity and change the book will examine the legacies of these developments and will consider what they indicate about both the past and future of motherhood in England. This book will be essential reading for students and researchers in the field of twentieth-century British social history. However it will also be of interest to scholars from fields outside of history including sociology, psychology, and gender studies, as well as to a general readership with an interest in British social history, and the history of family and community in modern Britain.