Editor's note; Introduction; Principals events in Machiavelli's life; Bibliographical note; Translator's note; Map; Dedicatory letter; 1. The different kinds of principality and how they are acquired; 2. Hereditary principalities; 3. Mixed principalities; 4. Why the Kingdom of Darius, conquered by Alexander, did not rebel against his successors after Alexander's death; 5. How one should govern cities or principalities that, before being conquered, used to live under their own laws; 6. New principalities acquired by one's own arms and ability; 7. New principalities acquired through the power of others and their favour; 8. Those who become rulers through wicked means; 9. The civil principality; 10. How the strength of all principalities should be measured; 11. Ecclesiastical principalities; 12. The different types of army, and mercenary troops; 13. Auxiliaries, mixed troop and negative troops; 14. How a ruler should act concerning military matters; 15. The things for which men, and especially rulers, are praised or blamed; 16. Generosity and meanness; 17. Cruelty and mercifulness; and whether it is better to be loved or feared; 18. How rulers should keep their promises; 19. How contempt and hatred should be avoided; 20. Whether building fortresses, and many other things that rulers frequently do, are useful or not; 21. How a ruler should act in order to gain reputation; 22. The secretaries of rulers; 23. How flatterers should be shunned; 24. Why the rulers of Italy have lost their states; 25. How much power fortune has over human affairs, and how it should be resisted; 26. Exhortation to liberate Italy from the Barbarian yoke; Appendixes; Bibliographical notes; Index of subjects; Index of proper names.