Few one-room homes are as strikingly modern and instantly recognizable as the Farnsworth House, designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. This single-story steel structure with floor-to-ceiling glass walls was meant to open a minimalist interior to nature in an extreme way. Construction took place from 1945-1951 on a 60-acre estate beside the Fox River in Plano, Illinois, where it still stands today as an iconic masterpiece of the International Style of architecture.
Farnsworth House was designed and constructed between 1945 and 1951 as a one-room weekend retreat, located in a once-rural setting, 89 km(55 miles) southwest of Chicago on a 240,000 m2(60-acre) estate adjoining the Fox River, in the city of Plano, Illinois.
Mies van der Rohe conceived Farnsworth House as a structure that was both independent of and intertwined with the nature around it. The simple elongated cubic form of the house runs parallel to the flow of the river and is placed in the cooling shadow of a large and majestic black maple tree.
The house is elevated 1.60 m (5.3 ft.) above the flood plain by eight steel columns, which are attached to the sides of the floor and ceiling slabs. The end of the slabs extend beyond the column supports, creating cantilevers. The house seems to float weightlessly above the ground it occupies. The interior appears to be one large room filled with freestanding elements. The space flows around two wood blocks called "cores". The fireplace-kitchen core appears almost as a separate house nestling within the larger glass house. The materials used are quietly luxurious - travertine floors, primavera paneling and silk curtains - and the detailing minimal and meticulous.