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Julius Streicher Hardcover – Mar 1983


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Product details

  • Hardcover
  • Publisher: Stein & Day Pub; 1st Edition edition (Mar 1983)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0812828348
  • ISBN-13: 978-0812828344
  • Product Dimensions: 23.6 x 15.5 x 2.8 cm
  • Average Customer Review: 3.5 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (2 customer reviews)
  • Amazon Bestsellers Rank: 570,339 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

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Review

This is an important book. The SS who murdered our families had 'Der Sturmer' in their field packs. I hope that this book will rouse people and show them that hatred of the Jews ends in extermination. -- Simon Wiesenthal --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.

About the Author

Randall L. Bytwerk, founder of the Nazi and East German Propaganda Web site at Calvin College (www.calvin. edu/academic/cas/gpa/), lives in Grand Rapids, Michigan. --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.

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2 of 7 people found the following review helpful By bottle on 28 Feb 2010
Format: Paperback
Heavy-going reading, very depressing facts, but it must be a difficult balance to write a book on this subject without presenting Julius Streicher's evil message in an easily digestible form: the message should be depressing, and this is a study/research book, not entertainment.
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2 of 13 people found the following review helpful By Observer on 4 Jan 2010
Format: Paperback Verified Purchase
Once you've read this book one can begin to appreciate how the weekly newspaper edited by Streicher helped to poison the population against Jews. The Comment is Free column of the Gruniad newspapers works in exactly the same way - almost daily posts are anti-Israel. Day after day just like Streicher's newspaper. An eye-opening book.
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Amazon.com: 12 reviews
5 of 5 people found the following review helpful
Undeveloped Themes, Superficial Treatment 15 Aug 2013
By Tracy Cramer - Published on Amazon.com
Format: Paperback Verified Purchase
Being a scholar of Nazi and East German propaganda doesn't necessarily qualify a person to be an author. Yes, Professor Bytwerk knows his material, and he writes about it an accessible manner, but unfortunately he does not develop his ideas. In chapter one, for example, "The Making of an Anti-Semite" he offers little other than to say Streicher was a product of his times. Also in chapter one, we are told he was a popular and dynamic speaker, but Bytwerk gives us no examples of his speeches other than a sentence or two. Or, in chapter two, "The Bloody Czar of Franconia" (Streicher's time as gauletier of Franconia) he writes nearly nothing about what made him a "bloody czar". For example, he writes that "In Nuremberg Streicher as Gauletier undertook immediate measures against the Jews.", and then says nothing about the measures he took.

In addition, although he does include 3 Streicher articles from Der Sturmer, and 2 children's stories, in the Appendix, he could have included far more of his actual writings in the body of the book rather than short and superficial summaries.

And finally, as other reviewers have pointed out, the actual biography of Streicher is no more than 50 of the 217 total pages. Indeed, I learned more, in some respects, about his life in Robert E. Conot's "Justice at Nuremberg".

Yet, in spite of these many shortcomings, I did learn some new things, and consider the time spent reading it worth it.
35 of 49 people found the following review helpful
fascinating subject, but flawed presentation 17 Sep 2007
By Manfred Zeichmann - Published on Amazon.com
Format: Paperback
Originally founded in May 1925 as a platform to attack STREICHER's inner party rivals, the infamous weekly DER STÜRMER quickly became notorious. During the remaining years of the Weimar republic and throughout the twelve years of National Socialist rule (the last issue appeared in February 1945) DER STÜRMER was Germany's leading and most low-brow anti-Semitic newspaper. At the beginning, it was a local paper, but it quickly turned out to be successful nationwide. 25000 copies were sold at the time when HITLER came to power in 1933, but publication quickly rose and peaked at around 700000 in the late 1930ies. (During the war circulation figures went down dramatically due to paper shortages.) There were also thousands of elaborate display cases throughout Germany, each displaying the current issue.
Nine special editions (about topics like Jewish sex crimes, Jewish conspiracy, ritual murder, Jews in Czechoslowakia and Austria, and ritual murder) were published, with up to 2 million issues printed of each. The newspaper's appeal was also not limited to Germany:
"New outrages from the Stuermer were regularly denounced by the world press. But there were many who looked on Streicher's work more sympathetically. A single issue in 1935 contained replies to readers in Greece, Paraguay, Argentina, Brazil, England, Australia, and the United States. Photographs of foreign readers were printed regularly. In the United States, Nazi organisations mailed copies to those interested. Even those unable to read German could absorb much of Streicher's message by looking at the cartoons and photographs. Branch offices of the Stuermer were opened in Vienna, Prague, and Strasbourg once Nazi armies had marched in, and a Danish edition was attempted in 1941." (p. 172)
In addition to his editorship and his duties as Gauleiter of Franconia STREICHER also published illustrated anti-Semitic children books, a short lived anti-Semitic medical journal and even academic books.

The focus of the book under review is an analysis of the publication history and the content of the weekly, and not so much a biography of STREICHER, who by all accounts was a rather unpleasant man. Born on 12 February 1885 in a small village near Augsburg in Bavaria, Julius STREICHER was a school teacher by trade and a highly decorated veteran of world war 1. While he was politically active before the war in mainstream avenues, he embraced anti-Semitism by 1919. According to BYTWERK (p. 8) it is not exactly known why. (I wonder whether the numerous communist uprisings (Berlin, Munich, Hungary, among others) usually lead by Jews, would have had anything to do with it?)
Anyway, thus began his infamous political career, which led him to be editor of his newspaper and Gauleiter (local nazi party leader) of Franconia. He beat up political opponents with a whip, was sexually insatiable and embezzled funds that should have gone to Reich accounts.
Being an early party member, already involved in the 1923 Munich beer hall coup, and because of his loyalty and propagandistic efforts, HITLER long protected him, but could not help him in the long run.
The account of the intrigues that led to STREICHER's downfall as Gauleiter of Franconia following a party trial in February 1940 (he remained editior of his weekly) makes particular interesting reading. (STREICHER even ordered one of his accomplices to commit suicide! The man complied.)
BYTWERK has obviously put much effort in his book, analysing every aspect of the Stuermer newspaper, from the crude caricatures by cartoonist "Fips" (Philippe RUPPRECHT, who ironically originally worked for a Social Democrat newspaper) to various changes in the focus of reporting reflecting political changes and the infamous pillory column, introduced in 1933. Fanatical readers often sent in letters denouncing
Germans who e.g. did their shopping in Jewish shops, dated Jews or made business deals with them, accompanyied with addresses and pictures. (Occassionally whole photo essays were provided).
I have some issues with the book despite the interesting subject (there are very few books about STREICHER available). Firstly, there are some translation issues. For instance the names of two fringe groups STREICHER briefly belonged to following the ban of the Nazi party after the failed coup are not provided in English. (I am native speaker of German, but the book was written for an English speaking audience in the first place.) Secondly, there are some misleading explanations. Of the first radical party STREICHER joined, the German Socialist Party, author BYTWERK writes, "it was despite its name a right-wing group holding many of the traditional values that Streicher supported" (p. 9), while a more accurate description would be a folkish socialist political party. The American church that reprinted the ritual murder special edition in 1976 is indeed "an anti-Semitic organisation", but it is apparently also a Christian Identity group.
Thirdly and more importantly the book tends very much toward political correctness and the usual German bashing, the afterword with author BYTWERK speaking out against GOLDHAGEN's view regarding German eliminatory anti-Semitism notwithstanding.
Without wanting to play devil's advocate it is evident to me that author BYTWERK did not devote much space for arguments in STREICHER's favour at the Nurmberg military tribunal (e.g. that many of his anti-Jewish attacks in his newspaper were in response to foreign threats of annihilation of Germany etc.)
The book is profusely illustrated and also has three sample Stuermer articles (one of them incomplete) and two tales from the children book THE POISONOUS MUSHROOM.
Recommended for anyone interested in analysis of propaganda, but be aware of the shortcomings.
62 of 92 people found the following review helpful
"The World's Number One Jew-Baiter" 13 May 2001
By Jeffrey Leach - Published on Amazon.com
Format: Hardcover
Many people are familiar with the fact that Julius Streicher was one of the Nazis executed as a result of the Nuremberg trials. Most aren't clear on what Streicher's crimes were, however. In this book Randall Bytwerk reveals what it was that Streicher did to deserve having his neck snapped like a twig on the gallows in 1946.
Julius Streicher was one of Hitler's earliest comrades during the Nazi rise to power in the 1920's and 1930's. Streicher helped Hitler gain a foothold in Nuremberg, which helped the Nazi regime consolidate its hold on Germany. Streicher's main role, however, was as a sort of common man's Joseph Goebbels. Streicher was a teacher by trade, and a fairly effective one at that. He had the rare ability to motivate his students by instilling his enthusiasm for any subject into the minds of his pupils. Streicher used this ability later in his duties for the Nazi party. Streicher published the notorious anti-Jewish newspaper Der Sturmer, which pumped out the most strident and hateful propaganda on the "Jewish Problem" for over twenty years. Bytwerk examines how effective Der Sturmer was on the common German, and how the newspaper went about reducing Jews to the status of non-humans. When this status was reached, the result led to the concentration camps and mass murder.
Included in the book are many reproductions from Der Sturmer, most of which are cartoons that present Jews as animals or as evil, deformed creatures bent on the destruction of Germany. Many cartoons attempt to show Jews as a threat to German women or girls, thereby appealing directly to German manhood and nobility. Bytwerk convincingly argues that these cartoons and articles were quite effective in conditioning the German people into a state in which they regarded the Jews as pure evil. As propaganda, Der Sturmer was a masterpiece. Bytwerk points out that while it convinced Germans that Jews were evil, its most important accomplishment was that it created an atmosphere of indifference. Most Germans didn't run out and attack Jews after reading this stuff. What they did do was not stand up when laws began to appear that stripped Jews of their rights. In other words, Der Sturmer convinced most Germans to do nothing to help Jews.
One of the best parts of the book is when Bytwerk examines the history of German anti-Semitic thought. The Nazis were building their particular programs on a foundation that had been created by other authors in the past. This foundation allowed Streicher's propaganda to work much faster and accomplish more in a shorter time. The dislike and distrust were already in place. All Streicher did was to bring it up to date and articulate it in a way that was easy for the common German to understand. Since Der Sturmer was so effective, I disagree with Bytwerk when he states that Streicher was not a bright man. Streicher may have not been a brilliant party organizer, but he certainly accomplished what he set out to do. With all that Streicher got accomplished, and the way he did it, I'd say he was a genius at propaganda, and one who rivaled Joseph Goebbels, who Bytwerk seems to think was Streicher's intellectual "better".
This book is a worthy read, although it is out of print and might be somewhat difficult to find on a local level. Try Amazon.com's search service. Wherever you look, try and pick up a copy. It will be well worth the time.
1 of 1 people found the following review helpful
fascinating! 26 May 2014
By Barbara - Published on Amazon.com
Format: Paperback Verified Purchase
I admit I mostly ordered this book because the crazy neo-nazis were writing horrible reviews that were clearly based on their creepy world view and not the book itself, but I found it fascinating. It's a window into a world I never really knew anything about. Excellent illustration of the power of anti-semetic propaganda.

And honestly the neo-natzi "reviews" are... entertaining? Terrifying? Really pathetic?
3 of 4 people found the following review helpful
GREAT, and wonderfully written. 22 Oct 2013
By Amazon Customer - Published on Amazon.com
Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase
I was not surprised when I discovered how well this book was researched and prepared, after all it is written by a highly respected academic. Nothing evades his pen! Highly recommend it. Great work Mr. Bytwerk!
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