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Japan's Battle of Okinawa - April-June 1945 (Far Eastern Campaign) [Paperback]

T.N. Huber


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Book Description

1 Jun 2003 Far Eastern Campaign
This book presents the US Army on 7 December 1941 -- the day that the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, resulting in the United States’’ active participation in World War II. It starts out with the contents, and introduction, a page with terms and abbreviations, and a key of the tactical symbols used through the book. This is followed by a detailed organizational diagram of the War Department including the General Staff. The commands directly subordinate the General Staff, (the U.S. Army Forces in the Far East and the Hawaiian Department including the U.S. Army Air Forces components assigned to them, as well as the nine Corps Areas), are shown in further diagrams broken down into their component parts, using tactical symbols. The second half of the book deals with the General Headquarters, U.S. Army. This was the headquarters charged with commanding the U.S. Army within the Continental USA, Alaska, the Atlantic, and the Caribbean, using further diagrams. The U.S. !
Army Air Forces are found in the second volume of this book, and are demonstrated in the same way.
This study is a compendium of facts that have never been presented in this combination before. It is based on original sources, most of them unpublished, such as the War Department textual records, (amongst them the General and Special Orders), as well as strength lists, unit activation lists, station plans, authorized strengths, tables of organization, aircraft allocations, individual unit histories, the US Army Station List of 01.11.1941, and so on.
In the back of the book are annexes showing US Army units at sea on 7 December 1941, US Army installations worldwide, and a listing of U.S.A.A.F. Aircraft. The book is rounded off by an index and bibliography.
The U.S. Army on 7 December 1941, (the date already being 8 December in the Philippines), although not actively at war, had been preparing for war. The development of the US Army from a small, outdated, and badly equipped force into the mightiest army in the world, is described by Winston Churchill as a "prodigy of organization." It will become evident to the reader of this book that on 7 December 1941 the beginnings of the gigantic organizational development were already underway. The large amount of armories, depots, airfields, training establishments, etc. in operation or under construction, show that the U.S. Army was already gearing up.
The rapid German 1939 Poland Campaign had stimulated President Franklin Delando Roosevelt into declaring a limited national emergence, raising the strength of the Regular Army to 227,000. Further German campaigns in 1940 -- which resulted in the defeat of Norway, Denmark, the Netherlands, Luxemburg, Belgium, and France, the entry of Italy into the war, and the retreat of Britain from the Continent -- had shocked the initially overwhelmingly isolationist American Congress into authorizing huge sums to prepare the US Army for war.
On 16 September 1940 the President signed the Selective Service Act authorizing the strength of the Army to be raised to 1,400,000 men.
The additional authorized sums and manpower enabled the US Chief of Staff to scheduled a fully equipped force of 500,000 men by 1 July 1941, a force of 1,000,000 by January 1942, and a force of 1,500,000 or 2,000,000 by July 1942. Over the next years, the planned numbers of men and equipment were continually revised. The US Army in June 1940 had consisted of some 300,000 men. By 31 December 1940 this had increased to 620,774 and by 30 November 1941 there were 1,644,212 men in the Army. Equipment had increased also, although by no means in equal proportion owing to the Roosevelt’’s policy of initially assisting Great Britain and other effective enemies of Germany at the expense of rearming the American forces. By the end of World War II, the US Army had a well-equipped Army with 8,300,000 men.
In addition to the Regular Army, the United States had another armed force, the National Guard. Although this army was under direct control of the individual states, it supervised by the Regular Army. When the National Guard divisions were inducted into Federal service during 1940/41, they came direct under control of the War Department. National Guard men are included in the above manpower figures.
The Philippines -- designated at the time as a "Commonwealth" -- were by dint of conquest, subject to the US government, but being prepared for independence. It had a fledgling Philippine Army. On 26 July 1941 the American President called this Philippine Army into the service of the United States. General MacArthur was recalled to active duty at the same date and designated Commanding General Forces in the Far East. On that same day, U.S. Army Forces in the Far East (U.S.A.F.F.E.) issued Order No. 1, establishing U.S.A.F.F.E., with MacArthur assuming command. This new command encompassed the Philippine Department of the US Army as well as the Philippine Army. Subsequently, on 15.08.41, cadres of the 10 reserve divisions were called into U.S. service. All Philippine Army Air Corps (P.A.A.C.) units were also inducted on that same date.
Details the General Staff, Overseas Commands, including the Hawaiian Department, both Army and Army AirCorps. US Army Forces in the Far East. The Phillipine Divisions, and Reserve Force., the far East Air force & Philippine Army Air Corps. The US Army Corps Areas, The Armies, Corps & Divisions, The Armored Force, Alaska Defense Command, Caribbean Defence Command &c &c
88 pages, 160 diagrammatic tables, list of Camps, Forts, Fields etc. Index of names.

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Amazon.com: 4.0 out of 5 stars  1 review
4.0 out of 5 stars more impressive then I thought it to be 1 Jan 2014
By Franklin E. Gerlach - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Paperback|Verified Purchase
I have to admit the old cluche' " don't judge a book by its cover " comes into play here full force, this little paperback book has more then you would think. A must Read
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