Take note please - these are the views of an unregenerate Gentile.
I believe the Messianic Covenant (as David calls it; i.e. the New, Better, SECOND Covenant) is indeed AVAILABLE to all the WORLD (yes, God the Father gave His only begotten Son, out of love for the WORLD; and yes again, Messiah Jesus gave Himself for the sins of the whole world), but the COVENANT itself has been made WITH 'the house of Israel and the house of Judah' (i.e. with the physical descendants - PLURAL! - of Jacob). I believe the God of Israel has made the New, Better, SECOND Covenant with the same people that He made the Old, FIRST one. Gentile disciples are grafted into the Olive Tree, and thereby change from being strangers to the covenants, to being partakers.
Furthermore, the DYNAMICS NEVER CHANGE: Obviously, over the centuries, there was gradually going to be many more Gentile believers (numbers-wise) than Jewish believers. But, no matter how huge the difference in numbers of Jewish and Gentile believers; and whether the Good News is proclaimed ten yards from Golgotha, or on the other side of the world, it is ALWAYS, ALWAYS Gentiles who are grafted in among the natural branches (among the Jewish believers); it is ALWAYS Gentiles who are the wild-branches. It NEVER BECOMES a distinct Gentile FAITH/RELIGION.
To reiterate, the Way is a New, Better, SECOND COVENANT with Israel; not a new Gentile RELIGION called 'Christianity.' In fact, 'CHURCHianiTree'/'ChristianiTREE' may be more appropriate titles for what some Gentile disciples have done to the narrow Way. Instead of the Second Covenant with Israel (who are the Olive Tree), into which wild-branch Gentiles can be grafted in among the natural Jewish branches, we now (courtesy of the distorted Augustinian 'Covenant of [TULIP] Grace') have ChristianiTREE, which is a complete reversal of 'Romans 11' narrow Way dynamics: as if it is the JEWISH people who are the WILD branches; and that if a Jewish person puts their faith in Christ, they are then grafted in among the natural GENTILE branches of the ChristianiTREE!
Confusing and seriously COUNTERPRODUCTIVE Terminology:
Using 'Christianity' (instead of "the Way" or the SECOND Covenant) has served to give disciples the subtle but catastrophic idea that it is a new faith/religion - when it is actually simply a NEW Covenant with Israel, God's covenant people. A Gentile disciple of Jesus is actually a person who is following the Prophet, Messiah, King, and Hope of Israel; indeed, the very hope held by Paul's kinsmen according to the flesh. Many Jewish people today have not recognised Jesus as such, and this may be in no small part due to the 'new religion' misconception attached to the word 'Christianity,' plus the revolting persecution they have faced by Gentiles who called Jesus 'Lord'. Note Acts 24:14-15, Acts 26:6-7 and Hebrews - in particular Chapters 8 and 9.
The title 'Messianic Covenant' in itself is not a problem, but the Scriptures call it the New, Second, Better Covenant (see Hebrews). I like referring to the Narrow Way as the NEW and SECOND Covenant, for I believe it serves to point both Jewish unbelievers (and mistaken Gentile believers) to the Jewish roots of faith in Messiah Jesus. It also (hopefully) serves to remind Gentile disciples of the need to scripturally and lovingly provoke Jewish unbelievers to jealousy - jealousy for THEIR Messiah, and THEIR New and Second Covenant.
TWO People Groups:
When God put the ABRAHAMIC Covenant in place, he effectively divided mankind into TWO groups (perhaps one might say that that division physically began with Abraham, and then got finalized - through Isaac - in Jacob): one group repeatedly referred to in First Covenant Scripture as the people/nation (and now known as 'Jews'); one group repeatedly refered to as the peoples/nations - comprising all other people groups (and now collectively known as 'Gentiles'). This distinction still holds true - note for instance, Romans 15:8-12. In Galatians, Paul said 'There is neither Jew nor Greek' in MESSIAH Jesus - Galatians 3:28; but he did not say there was neither Jew nor Greek 'in the WORLD'. That is to say, in the WORLD, the division into TWO groups (that began with Abraham), is STILL in place.
Note also, that just as during the First (MOSAIC) Covenant period of history, a person who was not a physical descendent of Jacob/Israel could come under the MOSAIC Covenant if they so desired (Exodus 12:48-49, Ezra 6:21) - so too, in this Second (MESSIANIC) Covenant period of history, wild olive branches who are hitherto STRANGERS to the COVENANTS (and, via faith in Messiah Jesus) are able to be grafted in among the natural olive branches, and thereby come under the MESSIANIC Covenant.
When studying any aspect of Holy Scripture, it is vital to consider BOTH sides of the Bible coin; if one statement is emphasized over another, you do not end up with an accurate understanding - you can end up in a wineskin. Furthermore, when studying Israel (i.e. God's plans for the physical descendents of Jacob/Israel) it is vital not to confuse what Paul says about the ABRAHAMIC Covenant, with what Jeremiah and the writer of 'Hebrews' says about the Better, Second, NEW, MESSIANIC Covenant.
Yes, as advocates of "Replacement Theology" would point out, Paul did indeed say (in reference to the ABRAHAMIC Covenant and PROMISE), 'and to his Seed' SINGULAR; and there meaning Messiah, not Israel - Galatians 3:15-18; but one must be careful not to take what Paul says about the (singular) Seed recipient of the ABRAHAMIC (PROMISE) Covenant, and then wrongly also apply it to the (plural) people/nation recipients (i.e. physical descendents of Jacob/Israel) of the MESSIANIC, New, Better, SECOND Covenant.
The writer of Hebrews clearly tells us (referring back to Jeremiah 31) that God has made a new COVENANT WITH the house of Israel and the house of Judah (Hebrews 8:8); NOT WITH Abraham and his Seed (and NOT a new ABRAHAMIC Covenant). People-WISE, God is there referring to Israel (the Jewish people, Paul's 'kinsmen according to the flesh'; the physical descendents of Jacob/Israel); Covenant-WISE, God is there referring to the Messianic, Better, SECOND Covenant.
From the Mosaic to the Messianic; from EXTERNAL to INTERNAL; OBLIGATION to INCLINATION:
The Mosaic (First, Old) Covenant was God's PLUMBLINE-Tutor (so to speak) to lead the Israelites to Messiah Jesus (see Galatians 3). And as Paul has said (see 2 Timothy 3:14-17), the Tanakh (Genesis to Malachi) is able to make one wise to salvation. Thing is, without the HOLY Spirit, Israel (God's covenant people) naturally veered off to the left or the right (AWAY from God's MOSAIC Plumbline; and TOWARD the very lifestyle of the surrounding nations).
But, the NEW Covenant foretold by Jeremiah (see Jeremiah 31) has NOW COME (see Hebrews). But take note: Messiah Jesus did not LOWER the bar, He RAISED it (to find out by how much, read Matthew 5-7!!!).
The NEW (Second, Better) MESSIANIC Covenant INTERNALIZES God's Kingdom standards for life: The Mosaic Covenant was EXTERNALLY written on STONE (and today on paper); but, the Messianic Covenant is INTERNALLY written on hearts. Furthermore, Jew and Gentile branches who believe INTO Messiah Jesus (see Romans 11), thereby move from OBLIGATION (to keep God's commands), to INCLINATION (to keep God's commands). To be more specific, INSTEAD OF constantly (rebelling and) veering AWAY from God's Kingdom lifestyle, Jew and Gentile disciples (who behave like a seed in GOOD SOIL), have an inbuilt desire to (albeit imperfectly) walk the [plumb]line (note: as opposed to Jew and Gentile disciples who behave as a seed upon stony ground, or among thorns).
The Abrahamic Covenant meanwhile, has ALWAYS been INTERNAL. Indeed, perhaps one might say that the Messianic Covenant is the Abrahamic Covenant in FULL BLOOM/FLOWER.
The very serious damage done (albeit sincerely) by the TULIP Camp:
The so-called 'Magisterial Reformers' and their subsequent followers, (albeit sincerely) fed a number of detrimental errors into the Body. I believe advocates of 'Replacement Theology' did not read it FROM Holy Scripture - I believe they have read it INTO Holy Scripture; they have built their stance on Israel, not from a completely objective view of Holy Scripture, but from being influenced by the views of those reformers - who were actually men of violence. As Leonard Verduin has said (in his book 'The Reformers and Their Stepchildren'), 'They [the leaders of the Magisterial Reformation] constantly urged the magistrate to draw the blood of the opposition' (Chapter 1). It is awful to think that many disciples have directly or indirectly sat at the feet of such men. Anyone who issues hateful venomous words towards Jewish people (who are God's Covenant people), indeed towards any person at all, has failed to grasp the very basics of the narrow Way. (And yet the Reformers' teaching grips the minds of untold millions in our day - let alone the last 500 years. Indeed, they are even regarded as sound and admirable 'Heroes of the Faith.' Given what Paul said about Hymenaeus, and what John said about Diotrephes, can we seriously imagine either Paul or John stocking the 'Hall of Fame' gallery with anyone who actually had people tortured or put to death?!)
By listening to men of violence, the Western contingent of the Bride has made a tragic journey from the Second Covenant made with Israel, in which Gentiles are welcome to partake via faith (and a Covenant not established with the blood of calves and goats this time, but the very blood of God's Son,Jesus) to a so-called 'Covenant of Grace' ; which Jews (no longer properly seen as God's Covenant people, but MERELY as fellow men and women) can basically like or lump. I call this 'EvanJELLYcal Theology': in effect, advocates of this view have de-BONED Holy Scripture; ridding Holy Writ of the Covenants God HAS made with mankind, and which form the very FRAMEWORK of Holy Scripture; and, replacing them with a MAN-MADE/MAN-(mis)CONCEIVED 'Covenant of [Augustinian, TULIP-enshrined, NON-apostolic] Grace.'
In mainstream 'evangelical' circles today, GONE (in effect) is the natural and wild olive branch concept expounded by Paul; IN comes a gross (Augustinian) misconception of election and predestination - a misconception that sweeps away free will, the branch distinctions, and the real Covenants that God has put in place. Instead of scripturally provoking the Jews to jealousy in regard to Jesus (who is THEIR Prophet, Messiah, King and Hope), Gentiles who call Jesus 'Lord' have actually persecuted Jewish people. How awful. How tragic. How repulsive. How Messiah-DISHONORING. Instead of ADORNING the doctrine of God the Savior - Titus 2:10 - some Gentiles (like SKUNKS) have effectively SPRAYED ON the doctrine.
David's NUTRITIOUS (and now transcribed) talks:
"Israel in the New Testament" began as a series of talks given at the Feast of Tabernacles in Jerusalem; each year, David would discuss Israel based on one book of Second Covenant Scripture. Five of those talks have now been transcribed and collected into this work. Nutrition-wise, the book it densely packed from start to finish; effectively you have here a very informative Berean stroll through Holy Writ, with David showing you that while Israel has tragically been shelved in standard evangelical circles, in God's eyes, things are rather different.
The crowning chapter is perhaps the one on Romans, in which David basically takes you in a time machine back to Paul's day; thereby showing you the situation that evoked that letter to the Roman contingent of the Bride. (That said, the book provides not one, but five strong chapters. Take note that in the Hebrews chapter, David says that in the eyes of the Roman authorities, the narrow Way was a "new religion"; I would hasten to add - and reiterate - that the narrow Way is NOT a "new religion" in the eyes of the God of Israel.) Just as you can get into serious error (as TULIP-advocates have done) by taking certain sentences from Romans 9 out of their immediate context (Romans 9-11); wider context (the entire Roman letter); and widest context (Genesis to Revelation; and the very TENOR of Holy Scripture), so too, if you're not careful as you read this transcribed talk, if you take some of David's sentences out of context, you could come to a wrong idea or two about David's theology. Therefore, I hereby list some pivotal quotes from that talk on Romans, aimed at keeping you ON TRACK:
Page 99 (paperback version): "The whole letter of Romans is written against Replacement Theology ..."
Page 100: "... in the church at Rome ... the first seed of anti-Semitism ... which would blight church history for the next two thousand years."
Page 114: "Calvinist theology makes a huge amount of chapter nine ... To say that he [God] is choosing some and damning others is I believe wicked. But I believe it is built on Romans 9 ... They have ignored Romans 10 ... and Romans 11 ... [Calvinism] has swept through the Christian church like a dose of salts."
Page 185/186: "... [discussing Romans 11:25-26] the phrase 'all Israel' is very common in the Old Testament' ... it does not mean every Jew who is alive ... What is absolutely clear is that it will be a huge number [of Jewish people who do get grafted back into the Olive Tree AFTER the fullness of the Gentiles comes in, and God then REMOVES the hardness] ..."
Page 187/188: "He [God] made the [New, Better, SECOND] covenant with fleshly Israel, but he wanted them to be faith Israel, circumcised in their hearts as well as their bodies ... I believe it is heresy to say the church is the New Israel."
I hope many sincere advocates of TULIP Theology will be willing to HUMBLY rebuild their views on Israel (and other matters); not while sitting at the feet of men who wanted the local magistrate to harm (and if necessary, put to death) the Gentile opposition, but while sitting directly at the feet of Messiah Jesus and the Scripture-writers, who were themselves harmed (even put to death) for the truth Jesus IS, and the truth they lived to declare.
Without "Israel in the New Testament" you'll be vulnerable to the pollutant known as "Replacement Theology"; a revolting Body-TOXIN that has fueled gross hatred to Israel - God's Covenant people (and the very thing Paul was looking to NIP IN THE BUD at Rome!). Note: while not as yet in Kindle form like this edition, there is a later paperback edition containing an EXTRA talk on "Israel in Galatians":Israel in the New Testament.
In order to build yourself a robust view of the Bible and Body-history, do supplement this key work of David by a number of complementary books: Get this Bible X-Ray book by David, in which the Covenant BONEWORK of Holy Scripture is revealed, thereby enabling disciples to see the Bible forest despite the trees; undoing the damage done by EvanJELLYcal Theology; and giving them the very best VANTAGE POINT from which to build a solid grasp of the Bible: By God, I Will. For an informative account of the horrendous fruit of the Magisterial Reformers, do read Leonard Verduin's TREMENDOUS book - The Reformers and Their Stepchildren (Dissent and Nonconformity)). A GAME CHANGER on Israel, by Marvin R Wilson: Our Father Abraham: Jewish Roots of the Christian Faith Kim Tan has written one of the best PRIMERS on Body-history I know of. It is a tragically UNSUNG work (on occasion, cheap used copies are available, if one shows up, do get it: Lost Heritage: The Heroic Story of Radical Christianity.
Standard "Cherry Tree Bibles" (which have man-made "chapters 'n' worses") can indeed be handy for locating a sentence or two, but they are a hindrance to understanding it! God's LIBRARY of books has been turned into a ORCHARD of (66) cherry trees; which folk then cherry-pick "verses" from, in a subjective attempt to "prove" their wood, hay or straw theology - whether it be Trent; TULIP; PRE-Trib; Replacement/Fulfillment; or even Wesleyan. Do get yourself an UNASUNDERED edition of Holy Scripture: The Books of the Bible (NIV).
Sharpen your ACTS" (SYA) is an Amazon Listmania list I've put together. It is basically an attempt to select a few books of exceptional importance, so that any disciples who are not prolific book readers, can get themselves a small Narrow Way library, and yet one that gives first class information (including vaccine against some of the most pernicious toxins permeating the Western contingent of the Bride).
To find the SYA list, click on my name here on Amazon; then click on "Listmania Lists." Nearly all of the SYA books are available in ebook form, so free samples can be downloaded to your Kindle; or, onto any gadget on which you have installed a free Kindle App (such as your smartphone; your tablet; or your PC). Do go see the list; do get free samples; do don a napkin.