1. Introduction: inventing traditions Eric Hobsbawm; 2. The invention of tradition: the Highland tradition of Scotland Hugh Trevor Roper; 3. From a death to a view: the hunt for the Welsh past in the Romantic period Prys Morgan; 4. The context, performance and meaning of ritual: the British Monarchy and the Invention of Tradition, c. 1820–1977 David Cannadine; 5. Representing authority of tradition in Victorian India Bernard S. Cohen; 6. The invention of tradition in Colonial Africa Terence Roger; 7. Mass-producing traditions: Europe, 1870–1914 Eric Hobsbawm.