How to use this book.
1. The Anglo–Saxons.
Who were they?
Where did their language come from?
What was Old English like?
Old English dialects.
More about vowels.
More about c and g.
On–line pronunciation practice.
3. Basic Grammar.
Parts of speech.
Elements of the sentence or clause.
What is case?
Uses of the cases.
Personal and demonstrative pronouns.
More about strong nouns.
More about endings.
More about weak verbs.
More about strong verbs.
Verbs with weak presents and strong pasts.
More about preterite–present verbs.
Dôn, gân, willan.
Comparison of adjectives.
10. Adverbs, Conjunctions, Prepositions.
Subject and verb.
Pronoun and antecedent.
Noun and modifiers.
Subject . . . Verb.
14. Poetic Style.
15. The Grammar of Poetry.
16. Reading Old English Manuscripts.
Construction of the manuscript.
The Old English alphabet.
Punctuation and capitalization.
Word– and line–division.
Errors and corrections.
Appendix A Common Spelling Variants.
Vowels of accented syllables.
Appendix B Phonetic Symbols and Terms.
International Phonetic Alphabet symbols.
Dictionaries and concordances.
Old English texts and translations.
Literary criticism; sources and analogues; metre.
History and culture.
Manuscripts, art and archaeology.