The 'Big Society', announced by the Cameron government in 2010, has changed the way we talk about the voluntary sector, charities, NGOs, civil society, or the third sector. The names might be different, but the accompanying debate remains the same. It revolves around a series of questions that have been discussed for decades: what is the relationship between the governmental and the non-governmental sectors? What is the overall contribution of voluntarism to society? How has it changed over time? Have citizens become more apathetic, and are they less likely to 'join' in? What motivates citizens to unite and work together in organisations? This volume will give the reader a greater and more informed historical consciousness of how the NGO sector has grown and influenced.