The volume casts a fresh look at the multifaceted expressions of diachronic Hellenisms. A distinguished interdisciplinary group of historians, classicists, anthropologists, ethnographers, cultural studies, and comparative literature scholars contribute original essays exploring Greek ethnicity from 750 BCE to 2005CE. Given the scarcity of books on diachronic Hellenism in the English-speaking world, the publication of this volume represents nothing less than a breakthrough. The book provides a valuable forum to reflect on Hellenism, and is certain to generate further academic interest in the topic. The specific contribution of this volume consists in the fact that it sets out to offer a much-needed public dialogue between disparate voices, and explores a variety of different Hellenisms and in the process proves this very possibility of 'polyphony'.Topics explored range from European Philhellenism to Hellenic Hellenism, from Athens 2004 Olympics to Greek film, from a psychoanalytical engagement with anthropological material to a subtle ethnographic analysis of Greek-American women's material culture. The introduction and the afterword constructively contextualize this interdisciplinary dialogue on Hellenism, explore its potential for the reader, and map future research directions. The readership envisaged is both academic and non-specialist; with this aim in mind, all quotations from ancient and modern sources in foreign languages have been translated into English.