This handbook deals with HIV in Southern Africa and the material is organised for quick reference in the ward or clinic. The portable, durable format lets students and doctors keep the book with them in the ward. It aims to help students and doctors inexperienced in HIV/AIDS care and in urban or rural settings. Bulleted lists, tables and figures make the information accessible. The book includes a resource page of national and international HIV-related websites and call-lines and case studies in the chapter on ethical issues.