The first edition of Gaiais Garden sparked the imagination of Americais home gardeners, introducing permacultureis central message: Working with Nature, not against her, results in more beautiful, abundant, and forgiving gardens. This extensively revised and expanded second edition broadens the reach and depth of the permaculture approach for urban and suburban growers. Many people mistakenly think that ecological gardeningowhich involves growing a wide range of edible and other useful plantsocan take place only on a large, multiacre scale. As Hemenway demonstrates, itis fun and easy to create a ibackyard ecosystemi by assembling communities of plants that can work cooperatively and perform a variety of functions, including: * Building and maintaining soil fertility and structure * Catching and conserving water in the landscape * Providing habitat for beneficial insects, birds, and animals * Growing an edible iforesti that yields seasonal fruits, nuts, and other foods This revised and updated edition also features a new chapter on urban permaculture, designed especially for people in cities and suburbs who have very limited growing space. Whatever size yard or garden you have to work with, you can apply basic permaculture principles to make it more diverse, more natural, more productive, and more beautiful. Best of all, once itis established, an ecological garden will reduce or eliminate most of the backbreaking work thatis needed to maintain the typical lawn and garden.