The "Stoicorum historia" (PHerc 1018) is one book in Philodemus's extensive "History of Philosophy". The Epicurean philosopher Philodemus wrote this work during a stay in Italy ca. 70-60 BC with the aim of offering to learned Romans an objective and unpolemical history of the Greek philosophical schools. Philodemus sketches the lives and times of the main representatives of Stoicism from Zeno of Citium to Panaetius of Rhodes. The "Stoicorum historia" hands down information on the lives and thought of the Stoics which is not found in Diogenes Laertius's "Lives of eminent philosophers" (Book VII). This edition contains the text of "PHerc. 1018", revised on a critical basis, and Italian translation and commentary.