For the record the fifty famous people are:
Abraham Lincoln, Robert E Lee, Edward Everett, Henry Longfellow, Benjamin Franklin, James Hogg, Al Mansour, Psammeticus, Haroun al-Raschid, Paul Revere, Marquis de Lafayette, Israel Putnam, Richard III & Henry of England, Thomas Jefferson, Jonathan Swift, George Washington, Giotto & Cimabue, Zeuxis & Parrhasius, Solomon & the Queen of Sheba, Benjamin West, Andrew Jackson, Daniel Webster, Elihu Burritt, Alfred the Great, William Jones, Cyrus the Great, Al Mamoun, Otanes, Alexander the Great, Aristomenes, Charles XII of Sweden, Coriolanus, Arion, St Francis, Aesop, Abraham Davenport, John Randolph, Alexander Selkirk, Frederick the Great, Robert the Bruce, Tamarlane, John Marshall, Robert Fulton, Al Mansour (again), Caedmon, Guatama, Louis XIV of France, Henry IV of France, and the Seven Wise Men of Greece.
These are short anecdotes of apochryphal episodes in the lives listed. They're well told, rather old-fashioned tales to modern ears but good bedside reading for a young person who's just starting to enjoy reading for themselves. It's a pity the illustrations are absent from the Kindle edition - I'm sure they would enhance the reading experience.
The names are obviously a broad mix of nationalities and eras. The modern names are American, and all the stories are moral tales designed to encourage good character in the reader. Good, wholesome reading!