About the Author
Erich Fromm was born in Frankfurt, Germany on March 23, 1900 and was still living there and in Berlin Germany when Hitler took power but he managed to escape to New York which was, way back then, a bastion of freedom. Erich Fromm was a German-American Jewish social psychologist, psychoanalyst, sociologist, humanistic philosopher, and democratic socialist. He was associated with what became known as the Frankfurt School of critical theory. Beginning with his first seminal work of 1941, Escape from Freedom (known in Britain as Fear of Freedom), Fromm's writings were notable as much for their social and political commentary as for their philosophical and psychological underpinnings. Indeed, Escape from Freedom is viewed as one of the founding works of political psychology. His second important work, Man for Himself: An Inquiry into the Psychology of Ethics, first published in 1947, continued and enriched the ideas of Escape from Freedom. Taken together, these books outlined Fromm's theory of human character, which was a natural outgrowth of Fromm's theory of human nature. Fromm's most popular book was The Art of Loving, an international bestseller first published in 1956, which recapitulated and complemented the theoretical principles of human nature found in Escape from Freedom and Man for Himself — principles which were revisited in many of Fromm's other major works. After escaping from the Nazis, Erich Fromm became an American citizen in 1940. After the war was over, Fromm moved to Mexico City where he became a professor of the National Autonomous University of Mexico. He stayed in Mexico until 1974 when he returned to Switzerland. He died on March 18, 1980 in Locarno, Switzerland.
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