Men and women differ, and numerous academic and lay books have exploited those differences. This book does not presume that sex and gender differences occur in all communication between people. Rather, it explores where and when such differences occur. In other words, it examines sex differences in the way that men and women communicate within the context of sex similarities, and attempts to present a balanced approach to the topic. This volume explores both tendencies to control and to express oneself for purposes of intimacy and offers a blend of theoretical statements and empirical studies. That is, some chapters deal exclusively with expanding our understanding of sex differences in communication, whereas other chapters investigate timely issues in reports of original research. The essays are grouped according to two dimensions of interaction - affect and control. It opens with a debate about the degree to which men and women are different. It then offers more abstract and theoretical discussions about where sex differences and similarities reside. The volume concludes with several specific empirical investigations of important research issues.