miradent Xyitol chewing gum reduces the development of caries by both cleaning the teeth and releasing xylitol to inhibit plaque formation. This is par ti cularly effective when used after meals. Xylitol inhibits plaque formation on the teeth by forming complexes with calcium and saliva proteins to remineralize the enamel. This helps prevent caries as well as detatching and removing any existing plaque de posits. Xylitol creates a cooling effect on the ton gue, creating a refreshing sensation similar to menthol. Xylitol has no cariogenic effect as bacteria cannot react with it. Studies have found xylitol may lead to a reduction in the incidence of caries by up to 100 %.