"Death in Ancient Rome" is an excellent overview of the attitudes and beliefs about death, survival of the soul, and the afterlife of the inhabitants of the Roman Empire, which stretched from modern-day Scotland around the Mediterranean to Turkey. Valerie Hope makes it clear that different cultures varied in their beliefs and practices; however, there were common themes. In the final analysis, ancient people had the same spectrum of beliefs as modern humans: the gods did/didn't exist, the soul did/didn't exist, and there was/wasn't reward/punishment after death. However, one main difference between modern society and the ancients was that death was very much a part of everyday life in Ancient Rome. The sick did not go to a hospital but were treated in the home, there was high infant mortality, and a much higher mortality rate among teens onward than in modern society. The ancients were constantly surrounded by and reminded of the fragility of life.