The acclaimed Concise Encyclopædia of Islam comprehensively encompasses the beliefs, practices, history and culture of the Islamic world in a single, scholarly volume. Now extensively updated, The Concise Encyclopædia of Islam contains all aspects of the religion, from its rituals, sects and prayers to its political movements, social institutions and spiritual and political leaders; from the art and architecture of Islam, to its history and ethnography, from its nations and states to its languages, science and major centres of learning. This unique single-volume work, now consisting of over 1,400 entries, has been fully revised and contains a wide range of new entries covering the contemporary Islamic scene, including a substantial entry on the Taliban, plus information on many other organisations and movements which bear upon the crisis that has lately descended upon the world. Successive editions have won worldwide acclaim for their research, clarity and graceful style. This new edition also contains an extensively revised chronology which spans the entire history of Islam, from its origins through developments in the Muslim world today.--This text refers to the Hardcover edition.