This volume is based upon the 2nd IEEE European Workshop on Computer-Intensive Methods in Control and Signal Processing, subtitled "Can We Beat the Curse of Dimensionality?", held in Prague, August 1996. The book brings together a blend of approaches to a common theme from a variety of international research groups in engineering. The 18 contributions which make up this text originated as selected papers from the 1996 workshop, and have been modified and edited to appear here. The range of engineering fields addressed include: multi-agent systems; signal processing; pattern recognition; expert systems; nonparametric estimation; and artificial neural networks.