This is the first of two volumes entitled Determination of Chemical Composition and Molecular Structure. The ordering offers more consistent volumes for those interested in certain types of chemical determinations as opposed to the grouping of similar techniques used for a variety of measurements. Chapters have been written by world-class authors who are widely recognized in their fields. Authors have directed their writings to the competent, professional scientist who is interested in obtaining information provided by the technique, but who is perhaps not an expert in the use of the method. In each case, authors of chapters have supplied, either in the text or through liberal reference to monographs and other scientific literature, sufficient information for the investigator to apply the techniques successfully in the laboratory.