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Blacklisted by History: The Untold Story of Senator Joe McCarthy and His Fight Against America's Enemies

Blacklisted by History: The Untold Story of Senator Joe McCarthy and His Fight Against America's Enemies [Kindle Edition]

M. Stanton Evans
5.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (4 customer reviews)

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Product Description

Accused of creating a bogus Red Scare and smearing countless innocent victims in a five-year reign of terror, Senator Joseph McCarthy is universally remembered as a demagogue, a bully, and a liar. History has judged him such a loathsome figure that even today, a half century after his death, his name remains synonymous with witch hunts.

But that conventional image is all wrong, as veteran journalist and author M. Stanton Evans reveals in this groundbreaking book. The long-awaited Blacklisted by History, based on six years of intensive research, dismantles the myths surrounding Joe McCarthy and his campaign to unmask Communists, Soviet agents, and flagrant loyalty risks working within the U.S. government. Evans’s revelations completely overturn our understanding of McCarthy, McCarthyism, and the Cold War.

Drawing on primary sources—including never-before-published government records and FBI files, as well as recent research gleaned from Soviet archives and intercepted transmissions between Moscow spymasters and their agents in the United States—Evans presents irrefutable evidence of a relentless Communist drive to penetrate our government, influence its policies, and steal its secrets. Most shocking of all, he shows that U.S. officials supposedly guarding against this danger not only let it happen but actively covered up the penetration. All of this was precisely as Joe McCarthy contended.

Blacklisted by History shows, for instance, that the FBI knew as early as 1942 that J. Robert Oppenheimer, the director of the atomic bomb project, had been identified by Communist leaders as a party member; that high-level U.S. officials were warned that Alger Hiss was a Soviet spy almost a decade before the Hiss case became a public scandal; that a cabal of White House, Justice Department, and State Department officials lied about and covered up the Amerasia spy case; and that the State Department had been heavily penetrated by Communists and Soviet agents before McCarthy came on the scene.

Evans also shows that practically everything we’ve been told about McCarthy is false, including conventional treatment of the famous 1950 speech at Wheeling, West Virginia, that launched the McCarthy era (“I have here in my hand . . .”), the Senate hearings that casually dismissed his charges, the matter of leading McCarthy suspect Owen Lattimore, the Annie Lee Moss case, the Army-McCarthy hearings, and much more.

In the end, Senator McCarthy was censured by his colleagues and condemned by the press and historians. But as Evans writes, “The real Joe McCarthy has vanished into the mists of fable and recycled error, so that it takes the equivalent of a dragnet search to find him.” Blacklisted by History provides the first accurate account of what McCarthy did and, more broadly, what happened to America during the Cold War. It is a revealing exposé of the forces that distorted our national policy in that conflict and our understanding of its history since.

From the Hardcover edition.

About the Author

M. Stanton Evans is the author of seven books, including The Theme Is Freedom. A contributing editor at Human Events, he served for many years as director of the National Journalism Center. Evans was previously the editor of the Indianapolis News, a columnist for the Los Angeles Times Syndicate, and a commentator for CBS and Voice of America. He lives near Washington, D.C.

Product details

  • Format: Kindle Edition
  • File Size: 2623 KB
  • Print Length: 672 pages
  • Publisher: Crown Forum (6 Nov 2007)
  • Sold by: Amazon Media EU S.à r.l.
  • Language: English
  • ASIN: B000W94GOU
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  • Average Customer Review: 5.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (4 customer reviews)
  • Amazon Bestsellers Rank: #389,711 Paid in Kindle Store (See Top 100 Paid in Kindle Store)
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1 of 1 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Essential reading 12 May 2014
Format:Paperback|Verified Purchase
Essential reading for anyone interested in American history of the 50s, American history, history in general, politics, disinformation, misinformation or just how the world works. Anyone not interested in those subjects should also read this book as an example of a well-researched, well-written and well-edited book.
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1 of 1 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars A complete rehabilitation of McCarthy 9 Jan 2013
Format:Audio CD|Verified Purchase
A must read for anyone still thinking that McCarthy was conducting a "witch hunt" on "innocent victims".

The audio version has one major draw back: the way it is read. The syllables aren't always clear so your ear must compensate for lack of clarity, which makes it more tiring than f.i. the audio version of Jesse Ventura's "63 documents...", which I could hear for hours on end, listening to the contents without being distracted by calm and clear the voice of George K. Wilson. The voice used on "Blacklisted" is of a different narrator and frankly irritating, as if it had a slight lisp, and not separating the syllables as well.
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11 of 14 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars THE BOOK HISTORY WAS WAITING FOR 13 Oct 2010
Simply an outstanding book.
I read other books about Joseph McCarthy and "McCarthysm" but not one is specific like this and does not overlap the historical record with the often-heard comments by other authors about "how disgraceful this pediod of the american history has been.."
What do you have here?
How the huntings of Communists in the government where born and why (during the '30s), why they have always been treated in the same old way (so it is nothing new that this same fate should fall on McCarthy), the real stories behind the fight between McCarthy and the Senate, the hineous and dirty tricks played upon the Senator from Wisconsin, how the Democrats planned from the start to silence him by throwing him out of the Senate, how the facts are still hidden from the general public today and how the facts really are.
If you are interested in the matter, you surely have much to learn from this book that I can only recommend heartly.
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1 of 2 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Another setback for the American Left 26 Jan 2014
The Venona decrypts and declassified Soviet archives show that McCarthy was quite right about the numerous Bolshevik agents in American government from the 1930's onwards.

The author even gives their Soviet code names and shows that great harm that they did to US interests in places like China and Yugoslavia while always presenting themselves as loyal Americans.

This all makes something of a problem for the American Left since "McCarthyism" is a key word in their lexicon of victimization. However, all is not lost. Leftist spokesperson Anne Applebaum now says, " Recent documents showing that some of his accusations were correct do not change the impact of his over-zealous pursuit of communists in American public life: ultimately his public "trials" of communist sympathizers would tarnish the cause of anti-communism with the brush of chauvinism and intolerance."

In other words, he should have been more relaxed about it all (like the State department) and he showed far too much of a chauvinist (i.e.America First) attitude. Even if he was sometimes (weasel word) right he should still have shut up and not victimized (named) anybody.

Interestingly Applebaum is pulling the same trick with the other side of the equation concerning Bolshevik Russia in her 2003 book, "Gulag: A History of the Soviet Camps".

The Gulag death camps were set up as part of the Bolshevik state terror that consumed something like 15 million mostly European Christian lives.
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Most Helpful Customer Reviews on (beta) 4.3 out of 5 stars  240 reviews
111 of 132 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars The Key is Government Documents 25 Nov 2010
By Jim - Published on
Evans aims to give empirical proof that those Senator McCarthy accused of spying for the Soviet Union in the 1950s were guilty of it: e.g. two decades of House and Senatorial memos, 1930s Congressional spy investigations, government reports on security, official lists of named security risks, two decades of FBI reports with margin notes, transcripts of FBI wiretaps, notes from political strategy meetings squirreled away in boxes, and so forth. This pastiche of evidence plays the devil with the book's narrative for the first few chapters. Be that as it may, if one accepts these documents as factual, then one must accept the guilt of those McCarthy accused. In Evan's view, McCarthy was more sinned against than sinning. He conducted his inquiries fairly, did not slander, and did not steamroller anyone. He was an exceptionally bright, lower-class, self-made man who raced through high school and law college. He was a judge while only in his thirties. As junior Senator from Wisconsin (age 41) he threatened to mortify the Whitehouse, Democratic Senate, and State Department, with revelations of a "massive" communist penetration of the U.S. government. Each threatened institution had enough individual power to poleax him. Despite that, the first wave of retribution couldn't touch him, because what he said about communist infiltration was "old news" in Washington circles, and there was years of evidence to prove it. When Democrats lost the House and the Presidency in 1952, McCarthy alienated Eisenhower by soundly condemning George Marshall for losing China, then going after some of Eisenhower's job nominees as communists sympathizers (which Evans argues they were). By 1954 McCarthy held a tiger by the tail, and it finally ate him with some Republican help.

According to Evans, those who brought McCarthy down did to him what legend says he did to others--they smeared him by innuendo, told outrageous lies about him, even deleted or altered sections of Senatorial reports, to make him look not just bad but horrible. It worked. Newspaper cartoonists of the day drew pictures of him coming out of sewers walking on his knuckles; Hollywood films have ever since depicted him as a Neanderthal booze-hound . . . hence the title: Blacklisted by History. Yet, writes Evans, what the junior Senator from Wisconsin charged was practically dead-on correct in nearly every instance. He was being fed information by fed-up government insiders. (Interestingly enough, notes Evans, several important items connected to the truth of McCarthy's charges, once in government archives, were removed decades ago. Their titles are still listed but the documents are gone.) Evans put forth an argument for reevaluating who and what Joseph McCarthy was. Perhaps most important of all, he suggests that a counterfeit, confabulated story of "McCarthyism" is the dominant one held to this day by popular history.
58 of 68 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Impressive Volume of Research; Reexamines the Old & More Recent Material on McCarthy's War 4 May 2010
By Keith Heapes - Published on
I recently came across M. Stanton Evans' relatively recent book (2007) titled Blacklisted By History (The Untold Story of Senator Joe McCarthy--And His Fight Against America's Enemies). Having grown up during the events in this book, I was generally familiar with what came to be known as the Red Scare of McCarthyism. Suffice it to say, my impressions and recollections of McCarthy weren't very positive. After hearing about this book, I thought I would give another view of the McCarthy story a fair reading.

My initial impression of Evans' book is the sheer size of the volume (663 pages, 45 Chapters). It quickly becomes apparent that this is no incidental survey or overview of the subject of Senator Joe McCarthy. The 11-page Prologue wets the reader's appetite by revealing what the author's goals were, what his (and his staff's) investigative method and source locations were and their commitment to leaving no stone unturned in seeking to uncover all available first-hand documentation, reexamining sources cited by previous authors, and a careful examination of the pertinent information contained in the former Soviet Union's "Venona" files. In short, this was a very serious undertaking with a view toward discovering and telling "The Untold Story Of Senator Joe McCarthy And His Fight Against America's Enemies."

In a number of Book Reviews and comments on, Evans has been accused of having a pro-McCarthy bias throughout this book. However, after reading the book myself, I found Evans was very evenhanded and willing to point out McCarthy's errors and personal faults. The book clearly indicates Evans was more interested in digging out the facts, analyzing the facts and drawing his conclusions based on the facts. I think the following quote reflects his approach:

"What the disclosures do mean is that the whole question of his [McCarthy's] cases needs to be reexamined in the light of the new information, and can't be dismissed out of hand with sweeping statements about the absurdity of the larger thesis."

SPOILER ALERT: There may be plot information beyond this point that some readers may not want to know. If so, continue reading at your own risk.

In Blacklisted By History, Evans does not simply focus only on Joe McCarthy and the events surrounding his assault on Communism in the American government during the 1950s. He divides his book into six parts. In Part 1, Evans includes the previously mentioned Prologue and then provides background information about Joe McCarthy, the events surrounding his committee's investigation and accusations and what Evans thinks is an inaccurate "caricature" of Senator Joe McCarthy (Prologue - Chapters 1-5).

Evans spends a significant amount of time (Chapters 6-13) establishing the relevance of other investigations into Communist activity during the several decades prior to Senator McCarthy's entrance into the national spotlight. Although this section is at times tedious and time consuming, I think it provided Evans with an invaluable and solid support for the material he later collected on the McCarthy years. Evans indicates that few Americans are even aware of this information, let alone have spent the time and effort to collect and piece together this kind of groundwork material before launching an attack on Senator McCarthy.

Moving into Part III, Evans enters the era of Senator Joe McCarthy (1950). The first thing he addresses is all of the accusations hurled at McCarthy shortly after his now infamous speech in Wheeling, West Virginia, where he allegedly stated that there were at that time 205 Communists still employed in the State Department. McCarthy insisted he referred to only 57, referring to the 205 figure from a letter written by the Secretary of State James Byrnes in 1946. Soon, a perjury investigation ensued which led to calls for McCarthy's formal censure and removal from his Senate seat. Evans meets this head-on and lays out the results of his interviews and document searches which correct the record and actually exonerate McCarty.

According to Evan's research, even John Howe (aid to Senator William Benton), one of McCarthy's severest critics, later admitted after reviewing this new evidence that the news stories about McCarthy were fallacious and he was innocent of perjury. Evans states that with the exception of one book on McCarthy (bottom of page 193) John Howe's memo chronicling the errors made about Senator McCarthy's statements would "...all but vanish from chronicles of the era--ignored in most studies of McCarthy, referred to obliquely and not too accurately in a couple, and otherwise consigned to the oblivion of the archives (and hard to locate there). Likewise, the misgivings expressed by Howe were kept discreetly private, and may be found today only by rummaging through ancient papers. By such devices do facts of record, for purposes of political history, become officially nonexistent."

In Chapters 18-23, Evans really shows off his skill for getting behind the scenes regarding what and why McCarthy's critics were so hell-bent on removing him from political service. He does this as an example to others who may also desire to mount a similar crusade by digging into the less than desirable internal affairs of the U.S. government. He reveals the Tydings hearings for the sham they really were by uncovering memo correspondence (some even involving President Truman) that clearly demonstrated the hypocrisy of the hearings. Tydings and his committee were tasked to conduct (according to the terms of Senate Rule 231) a "full and complete investigation as to whether personnel disloyal to the United States are or have been employed by the Department of State." However, rather than the committee doing this, they left the investigating up to McCarthy with a view toward eventually bringing charges against him, his public disgrace and eventual removal from the U.S. Senate. For me, this part of the book was the most interesting, revealing, and at the same time, the most embarrassing to me as a U.S. citizen.

Evans provides this surprising summary of Part III: "Throughout, the White House, Department of Justice, and other agencies of the Truman government showed far more interest in tracking down McCarthy's sources than in uncovering alleged Soviet agents or Communist Part members, or in addressing the lax security standards deployed by the LRB [Loyalty Review Board]. In view of the Truman administration, the problem with Joe McCarthy was not that he didn't have inside sources of loyalty data but that he all too obviously did. Which was from a national security standpoint beneficial, as information on such cases was sorely needed."

In Part IV, Evans pulls the kid gloves off and begins naming names. He opens the section by saying, "It is impossible to understand the McCarthy ear and its security wars without fist understanding something of Harry Truman--which, however, is no easy task. One this subject, and certain others, Truman is a hard man to figure." Without coming right out and stating that the entire Red security debacle was President Truman's fault, he does debunk the historical assertion that Truman had, through his aggressive loyalty program, actually cleaned up all of the Communist security risks before 1950 when McCarthy allegedly came barging in with his outrageous charges. Evans begins to pick this viewpoint apart by a systematic, person-by-person accounting Chapters 24-32) of case file evidence pertaining to key Communist employees still in the U.S. government. Evans summarizes Truman's claim as follows: "Sad to say, this portrayal of Truman's policy on the home front is almost entirely fiction." One key point that Evans makes is noting that the loyalty/security problems weren't entirely Truman's failure as the Communist infiltration into the U.S. government grew mostly out of the FDR years.

Evans begins to wrap up his impressive research by covering some of McCarthy's successes (reelection to his Senate seat in 1952 and appointment as chairman to important committee and subcommittee positions, and his failures, personal and public. He summarizes his conclusions about McCarthy as follows:

"Measured by the total record of his cases and political battles, McCarthy, whatever his faults, was a good man and true--better and truer by far than the tag teams of cover-up artists and backstage plotters who connived unceasingly to destroy him. In the end he perished, politically and otherwise, in the rubble he pulled down around him. Yet when the final chapter in the conflict with Moscow was written, amid you another pile of rubble, he was not without his triumph."

Finally, I appreciated very much the way Evans cited his source documentation in this book, especially when he added additional explanatory or clarification notes at the bottom of the applicable page, allowing the reader an opportunity to quickly review the information right then or return to it at a later time. For the fact checkers out there, Evans provides an impressive 24-page Note section of cited information, quotes, documents and much more. Amazingly, he also provides the reader with a Prologue or Preface of sorts explaining important points about his Notes section and follows this with a short Appendix of actual printed copies of "The McCarthy Lists" which McCarthy had, in fact, provided to Senator Millard Tydings identifying more than 100 suspects (critics still claim to this day that this list never existed). An interesting section of Acknowledgments follows, as well as a 20-page Subject Index.

Whether you agree with Evans' conclusions or simply dismiss his attempt to set the record straight on Joe McCarthy, one thing is very evident, any serious reexamination of the McCarthy era crusade against Communists in our federal government must include this impressive book by M. Stanton Evans.
96 of 115 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars A game-changer 16 Nov 2007
By Mark LaRochelle - Published on
Format:Hardcover|Verified Purchase
Full disclosure: This reviewer knows the author and had the privilege of assisting him in a small way in the research for and preparation of this book.

In the more than half a century since his death, scores of histories and biographies have been written about Senator Joe McCarthy. All have been more or less unsatisfactory, for a variety of reasons: Because the executive sessions of the McCarthy subcommittee were sealed for 50 years, historians had to rely on hearsay regarding who said what about whom in those sessions; because FBI files were classified (and even now cannot be made publicly available until the subject of investigation is deceased), historians had to rely on hearsay as to whether what McCarthy allegedly said was corroborated by the FBI; and because Soviet-era documents in the KGB archives were also classified, historians had to take the Russians' word for whether or not KGB archives corroborated the FBI files.

Recently, an enormous volume of this material has become available to scholars: FOIA cases have forced the declassification of many FBI files (albeit heavily redacted); the NSA declassified hundreds of partially-decrypted KGB cables in 1995-97; executive sessions of the McCarthy subcommittee were finally unsealed in 2003; and a huge amount of KGB archival information, smuggled out of Russia since the fall of the USSR, has gradually become publicly available.

In Blacklisted by History, M. Stanton Evans brings together these newly-available primary sources for the first time ever: Evans shows exactly what was said about whom in the executive sessions of the McCarthy subcommittee; cross-checks this information against files of the FBI, State Department security and G-2; then cross-checks this information against the Soviet sources.

If Evans had done no more than this, Blacklisted by History would be the most important McCarthy book to date. But Evans does much more: He uses his remarkable skills as a reporter to interview a variety of surviving witnesses -- for example, of McCarthy's controversial ("I have here in my hand...") 1950 Wheeling speech. He also interviews surviving participants, including McCarthy staffer James Juliana, a former FBI agent -- who gave Evans McCarthy's own files and briefcase, crammed with historically priceless yellowing documents he had preserved.

Using detective skills honed over decades as an investigative journalist, Evans also recovered a number of long-lost documents. Among these is the actual list of names McCarthy submitted to the Tydings subcommittee, with numbers corresponding to the numbered cases he discussed in public session. This document -- the "Rosetta stone" of McCarthy's suspects -- had mysteriously vanished (among many others of like import) from the subcommittee archive, and many historians had argued that McCarthy never even had such a list. He did. Evans found it, and provides a photographic reproduction of this "nonexistent" document in the appendix.

The photographic reproductions of this and many other documents may be the most valuable items in this book. The story Evans tells is so hard to believe, so chilling, that he himself couldn't believe it -- didn't want to believe it -- until he saw the documentary evidence for himself. You will feel the same way.

Blacklisted by History is a game-changer. Before Evans, it was possible to believe that McCarthy lied about and ruined the lives of countless people, most of whom were innocent victims of McCarthyism. That this is no longer possible is a tribute to Evans' research. McCarthy was, as Evans shows, a flawed man who made mistakes. But no longer can it be believed that he lied; the same cannot be said for his incredibly duplicitous and dissembling adversaries -- who are now exposed for all time as men who knowingly, and repeatedly, misrepresented the truth.
72 of 87 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Great Historical Research 8 Dec 2007
By Michael Cunneen - Published on
About the only time Jack Kennedy ever got angry in public & walked out of a public meeting was the time at Harvard when a dinner speaker trashed Joe McCarthy. Kennedy called him then "a great American patriot" and there is no indication that either he or his his brother Bobby, who worked for McCarthy, ever changed in this admiration for him. Reading the latest book by M. Stanton Evans explains why. Evans has produced one of the best written, best documented, and thoroughly researched historical works I have ever seen on what is now called the McCarthy era. He has mastered meticulous details, traced to their origins every major story connected to McCarthy, and explodes many long-held myths. McCarthy had his numbers correct, his sources documented, his facts well-founded. He was trying to get our government to get rid of the many Communist agents undermining the free world and helping the cause of totalitarianism. This book shows many liberal heroes to be dishonest, slanderous, irrespionsible, and utterly witless as to national security. In contrast, McCarthy comes off as just what Kennedy called him, "a great American patriot".
16 of 17 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Historians have no excuse anymore. 27 Dec 2007
By Fm - Published on
Evans' exhaustive and authoritative research, clearly laid out in this book, is a great corrective to one of the most important and distorted chapters in 20th century history. The cover claims the author spent six years researching this book. It shows. Virtually everything that has entered the popular consciousness about McCarthy and McCarthyism is turned on its head, thoroughly backed by original sources, and contrasted with the myths and the myth-mongers version that has entered the culture.

Even if McCarthyism isn't your cup of tea, this is still an important and fascinating piece of history for its reflection on the darker side of American liberalism, a side that waxes and wanes puzzlingly through history, even until today.

Evans is not as gifted at historical and political analysis as he is at research. Though he did as good a job as anyone in juggling hundreds of names and events, more time could have been spent on the context -- public perceptions and the motivating factors behind the cover-ups by leading (non-communist) politicos and bureaucrats. And Evans imparted too much of his own outrage through the use of invective and inflammatory rhetoric -- something that won't help Blacklisted get accepted as the objective, serious work of history it would otherwise deserve. Readers would have reached his same sense of outrage without his help; the rhetoric tends to get in the way of the hugely compelling evidence he has presented.
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Venona papers, in possession of the U.S. government since World War II but made available to the public only in 1995. These are coded messages, exchanged between the intelligence bosses in the Kremlin and their agents over here, dating to the early 1940s. &quote;
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Except, when the Venona file was published in 1995, all these McCarthy cases were right there in the decrypts, each named significantly in the Soviet cables. From these identifications (and collateral data from the Kremlin archives) it’s apparent that, rather than being blameless martyrs, all were indeed Communists, Soviet agents, or assets of the KGB, just as McCarthy had suggested and generally speaking even more so. &quote;
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