An attack on the lack of critical sense and the blind acceptance of Christian premises, as regards morality, "Beyond Good and Evil" asks us to revisit many concepts imposed by Christian dogma, particularly solitude, fasting, and sexual abstinence. The reader is encouraged to move beyond Christian insistence on universal morality and embrace the inherent driving forces within each of us: achievement, ambition, the desire to grow and expand. Nietzsche argues (quite prophetically) "The time for petty politics is past; the next century will bring with it the struggle for mastery over the whole earth."
The philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche was born in Prussia in 1844. After the death of his father, a Lutheran minister, Nietzsche was raised from the age of five by his mother in a household of women. In 1869 he was appointed Professor of Classical Philology at the University of Basel, where he taught until 1879 when poor health forced him to retire. He never recovered from a nervous breakdown in 1889 and died eleven years later.
Known for saying that "god is dead," Nietzsche propounded his metaphysical construct of the superiority of the disciplined individual (superman) living in the present over traditional values derived from Christianity and its emphasis on heavenly rewards. His ideas were appropriated by the Fascists, who turned his theories into social realities that he had never intended.