Preface. List of Abbreviations. List of dates. Maps. 1. Introduction: The Third-Century Crisis. Part I: 'Restorer of the World' 2. A Divided Empire 3. Aurelian Ascendent 4. Zenobia and the East 5. The Palmyrene Wars 6. War in the West: The Re-unification of the Empire 7. The End of Aurelian Part II: Internal Politics 8. Economic Reforms 9. Public Works and Administration 10. The Emperor, the Senate and the Armies 11. The Emperor and the Divine Conclusion. Appendix A: Excursion on Sources. Appendix B: Problems of chronology. Bibliography. Index.