Madagascar is the world's fourth largest island, and is recognised as one of the world's top ten hotspots for biodiversity. It is estimated that there are about 10,000 plant species on the island. Of these, 80% or more occur nowhere else. Man arrived in Madagascar just 2,000 years ago and since has cleared much of the island's forest. Supported by the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund, this atlas, in English and French, gives a history of vegetation mapping in Madagascar, the methodology used in compiling this atlas and detailed descriptions of each vegetation type illustrated with photographs and diagrams. Trends in deforestation, extent of occurrence and levels of protection are assessed for each vegetation type. The atlas itself comprises 36 detailed A3 maps, all in high resolution colour, detailing the extent of each vegetation type, roads, trails, rivers, airports and reserves, and a full place name index.