One thing I noticed while reading this text was that the techniques were simple, common-sense, and didn't seem to need an in-depth understanding of "ki" to work. Tomiki aikido was apparently influenced by the randori (free practice) of judo, and as such it appears that anything needlessly complex was thrown out. The techniques in this book can be used, in conjunction with the "blending" principle key to aikido, to push, pull, or twist an opponent off ballance. I have to say that I was immediately able to grasp the practical nature of the techniques, and incorperate them into live-sparring excercises, mostly grappling. There are techniques for locking, throwing, off-ballancing, counterattacks, kneeling, knife defense, defense vs. strikes, and solo drills. The footwork diagrams were clearly presented. I'd say the addition of counterattacks for the basic techniques was a nice bonus, as was the inclusion of the belt-grading syllibus. On the down side, the photos were pretty bad and some of the explainations were a little brief for my taste. In the end, most of the techniques are fairly common-sense, and can easily be applied within the context of aikido, though making them work against a trained fighter might prove difficult. I'd make this a nice supplementary text for most martial artists, and perhaps a study guide for aikido-ka, especially those studying Tomiki.