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Against Massacre: Humanitarian Interventions in the Ottoman Empire, 1815-1914 (Human Rights and Crimes against Humanity) Hardcover – 27 Nov 2011

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"Scholars of international relations, law, and other disciplines have explored the phenomenon of humanitarian intervention, in which one or more states acting on behalf of the international community invades a sovereign state in response to the mass killing of civilians. Rodogno takes a historical approach to the issue in this deeply researched study of how the European Great Powers (primarily Great Britain and France) dealt with the massacres of civilians within the Ottoman Empire between 1825 and 1914."--Choice

"Enthusiasm for humanitarian interventions in foreign conflicts tends to go in waves, as David Rodogno demonstrates in this erudite and well-researched book."--James Pettifer, Journal of Ecclesiastical History

"Against Massacre fills a significant lacuna in the vast and growing literature on humanitarian intervention and will find readers among international relations historians and scholars."--Daniel J. Whelan, American Historical Review

"[T]his is an important and groundbreaking work that deserves a wide readership among Ottomanists, Balkanists, scholars of international relations, and public policy experts with interests in the possibilities and limits of intervening to stop mass violence against civilians."--Max Bergholz, Historian

"Against Massacre is a major contribution to a history of humanitarianism. Based on a multitude of Western sources, it profits from the new researches on late Ottoman history."--Hans-Lukas Kieser, Comparativ

"Through a closer examination of the issue of humanitarian intervention in the nineteenth century, this book has made a valuable contribution to the political history of humanitarian intervention."--Pinar Senisik, Insight Turkey

"This book is an easy read. It flows along nicely and will be popular with students and the chattering classes alike, for it says all the right things."--Kate Fleet, Journal of Islamic Studies

From the Back Cover

"A timely, ambitious, and clearheaded account of the complex history of humanitarian intervention in the nineteenth century. Rodogno astutely shows how European humanitarianism fed on views of the Ottoman Empire as barbaric and moribund, and its Christian subjects as uniquely deserving of sympathy. Stressing the selectivity of interventions and the mixed motives of their agents, Rodogno traces the interplay between public opinion, the journalism that fueled it, and European states' imperial and geopolitical agendas."--Jennifer Pitts, University of Chicago

"This excellent book offers a fresh and imaginative look at the history of humanitarian intervention by focusing on European action or inaction in the Ottoman Empire during episodes of violence against some of its Christian populations. Its well-researched and nuanced analysis illuminates the theory and practice of such interventions that remain very relevant for our own day. It also recasts through this prism the much-vexed 'Eastern Question' in highly original ways."--Aron Rodrigue, Stanford University

"Against Massacre is a comprehensive and readable account of the first modern humanitarian interventions by Western powers in the nineteenth-century Ottoman Empire. While the new 'responsibility to protect' norm is making more impact than Rodogno concedes, he is right to suggest that broad consensus on military action in mass atrocity cases will long be elusive: the nineteenth-century legacy of selective response lives on."--Gareth Evans, cochair, International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty

"In this outstanding, elegant, and informative book, Rodogno makes a powerful case for reexamining humanitarian intervention from a historical perspective by exploring cases of European involvement in the Ottoman Empire during the nineteenth century. With impressive research and insightful analysis, Against Massacre will have a major impact in international history and be of great importance to humanities and political science scholars."--J. P. Daughton, Stanford University

"Studying the emergence of humanitarian intervention in the nineteenth century and its implementation in the Ottoman Empire, Rodogno provides a new and interesting view on the concept as a whole. Rodogno's topic is excellent, his approach original, and his arguments sound and well-grounded. I know of no similar book."--Stevan K. Pavlowitch, emeritus professor of history, University of Southampton

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5 of 7 people found the following review helpful
latest and most up-to-date account on genocide studies 7 April 2012
By hunbaar - Published on
Format: Hardcover Verified Purchase
This book is a part of a series dealing with Humanitarian Crises and Genocides in world history; this one is about the Ottoman Empire and the European interventions to it during 19th century. The book after a long discussion of what is humanitarian and international jurisprudence of it plunges to a case by case analysis of almost all Humanitarian crises in the Ottoman Empire; Greek, Mount Lebanon, Macedonian and needless to say Armenian.

In the introduction the author admits that one of the short comings of the book is lack of Ottoman source, but the argument is not what happened but how the European powers intervened or not on ostensibly humanitarian reasons in actual to promote their political agenda in the area.

The author also takes a neutral stance in this highly controversial argument; he says "it is worthwhile for readers to bear in mind that when Europeans dealt with massacres taking place in the Ottoman Empire, they ignored the appalling record violations of the right to life in their respective colonies [...] Europeans intervened militarily when the "barbarous" Ottomans used the same "savage" methods to repress insurrection they systematically used n their own colonies."

The author never denies the gravity of the massacres committed by the Ottoman Government during Armenian crises, but after references of what was going on around the globe and international law's dictates on genocide he declares that ; "as far as the Ottoman government and authorities are concerned, it seems to me that massacres were not acts of genocidaires." In the corresponding chapter he explains why he thinks this is not a genocide; the inflated reports of correspondents that do not speak Turkish or never actually see any Armenian village to Armenians own actions to promote violence on the land to force European powers to intervene.

Highly recommended to those who want to keep up-to-date publications on crimes against humanity and those who want to read a fresh unbiased look to Armenian problem in the Ottoman Empire.
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