Few political memoirs have made such a dramatic entrance as that by Richard A Clarke. During the week of the initial publication of Against All Enemies
, Clarke was featured on 60 Minutes
, testified before the 9/11 commission, and touched off a raging controversy over how the presidential administration handled the threat of terrorism and the post-9/11 geopolitical landscape. Clarke, a veteran Washington insider who advised presidents Reagan, George HW Bush, Clinton and George W Bush, dissects each man's approach to terrorism but levels the harshest criticism at the latter Bush and his advisors who, Clarke asserts, failed to take terrorism and al-Qaeda seriously. Clarke details how, in light of mounting intelligence of the danger al-Qaeda presented, his urgent requests to move terrorism up the list of priorities in the early days of the administration were met with apathy and procrastination and how, after the attacks took place, Bush and key figures such as Donald Rumsfeld, Paul Wolfowitz and Dick Cheney, turned their attention almost immediately to Iraq, a nation not involved in the attacks.
Against All Enemies takes the reader inside the Beltway beginning with the Reagan administration, who failed to retaliate against the 1982 Beirut bombings, fuelling the perception around the world that the United States was vulnerable to such attacks. Terrorism becomes a growing but largely ignored threat under the first President Bush, whom Clarke cites for his failure to eliminate Saddam Hussein, thereby necessitating a continued American presence in Saudi Arabia that further inflamed anti-American sentiment. Clinton, according to Clarke, understood the gravity of the situation and became increasingly obsessed with stopping al-Qaeda. He had developed workable plans but was hamstrung by political infighting and the sex scandal that led to his impeachment. But Bush and his advisers, Clarke says, didn't get it before 9/11 and they didn't get it after, taking a unilateral approach that seemed destined to lead to more attacks on Americans and American interests around the world. Clarke's inside accounts of what happens in the corridors of power are fascinating and the book, written in a compelling, highly readable style, at times almost seems like a fiction thriller. But the threat of terrorism and the consequences of Bush's approach to it feel very sobering and very real. --John Moe, Amazon.com
'Against All Enemies is bound to fuel debate' -- Independent
'[Richard Clarke's] account is perhaps the most devastating yet...This is an insightful and fluent tale' -- Observer
Mr Clarke, contends that the Bush administrations has debilitated the war on terrorism and threatened security -- Financial Times 23/03
...bound to fuel debate - whether this Bush Administration could have done more to prevent September 11th -- Independent 22/03