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100 Plus: How the Coming Age of Longevity Will Change Everything, From Careers and Relationships to Family and [Kindle Edition]

Sonia Arrison
4.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (2 customer reviews)

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Book Description

Humanity is on the cusp of an exciting longevity revolution. The first person to live to 150 years has probably already been born.
What will your life look like when you live to be over 100? Will you be healthy? Will your marriage need a sunset clause? How long will you have to work? Will you finish one career at sixty-five only to go back to school to learn a new one? And then, will you be happily working for another sixty years? Maybe you’ll be a parent to a newborn and a grandparent at the same time. Will the world become overpopulated? And how will living longer affect your finances, your family life, and your views on religion and the afterlife?
In 100 Plus, futurist Sonia Arrison takes us on an eye-opening journey to the future at our doorsteps, where science and technology are beginning to radically change life as we know it. She introduces us to the people transforming our lives: the brilliant scientists and genius inventors and the billionaires who fund their work. The astonishing advances to extend our lives—and good health—are almost here. In the very near future fresh organs for transplants will be grown in laboratories, cloned stem cells will bring previously unstoppable diseases to their knees, and living past 100 will be the rule, not the exception.
Sonia Arrison brings over a decade of experience researching and writing about cutting-edge advances in science and technology to 100 Plus, painting a vivid picture of a future that only recently seemed like science fiction, but now is very real. 100 Plus is the first book to give readers a comprehensive understanding of how life-extending discoveries will change our social and economic worlds. This illuminating and indispensable text will help us navigate the thrilling journey of life beyond 100 years.

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"New Scientist" "[B]rilliant.... [T]he chapters devoted to advances in regenerative medicine and the search for interventions that slow ageing are exhilarating. Growing new limbs, copying internal organs like a Xerox machine, exponential increases in computing power, better eyes and ears--I could read stories like this endlessly. We need such vision to help carry the science forward, and some of the most exciting advances in the scientific study of ageing are forthcoming. Arrison paints a realistic picture of the science driving the next longevity revolution, and makes the case that, if we play our cards right, humanity will reap huge dividends for the effort. In that way, this book is the most comprehensive treatment of the socioeconomic consequences of life extension that I've seen.... [T]he costs and benefits of life extension and, more importantly, health extension, are subjects in desperate need of open dialogue, and Arrison begins this process with elegance and style.""Wall Street Journal""Ms. Arrison entertainingly chronicles efforts to conquer aging and death from antiquity to today. Food, sex, exercise and alchemy have all been employed to keep the grim reaper at bay. But technology offers the most plausible route, she says, noting that biology and computing are drawing ever closer together with the sequencing of the human genome.... [Her] sunny outlook is infectious." "Singularity Hub""Easy to read, and easy to understand, "100+" walks you through the incredible achievements in regenerative medicine we've already seen, projects them forward, and discusses the changes in environment, economy, family, and religion that will follow.... Arrison states her case strongly enough to convince almost anyone, and in a style that will be as accessible to your techno-phobic Uncle Walter as it is to your computer loving self." Garry Kasparov"At a time when companies think only of quarterly results and politicians do not look beyond the next election, Sonia Arrison provides a fascinating look at the very long view. If mankind focuses its energy, there is no limit to our lives--or our lifespans." Aubrey de Grey, Ph.D.; chief science officer, SENS Foundation"Arrison has crafted an eminently readable and informative survey of the state of play in the crusade against humanity's oldest and greatest foe. By educating readers about both the science and the social context of the quest to postpone age-related ill-health, she has surely hastened the development of such therapies, and thereby saved many thousands of lives." George Church, Professor of Genetics, Harvard Medical School"This much-needed book beautifully integrates the history and science (even genomics) of extending our healthy years. Arrison presents the latest of diverse data types in a very clear and engaging manner. I can hardly wait for a potential sequel--"200 Plus," anyone?" Matt Ridley, author of "The Rational Optimist""Sonia Arrison's brilliant account of how and why we will all soon get the chance to live much longer, healthier and more fulfilling lives is thoroughly researched, persuasively argued, elegantly written and rationally uplifting. This is an important and lively book." Peter H. Diamandis, MD, Chairman/CEO, X PRIZE Foundation and Chairman/Co-Founder, Singularity University"Exponentially growing technologies such as biotech, artificial intelligence, and nanosciences are rapidly deciphering the source code for human beings. I have every expectation that this biological information will yield effective longevity strategies and therapies within the next few decades. Such fountains of youth will impact all aspects of our lives and our society. Arrison's book is a must read for anyone thinking about the future." "Washington"" Independent Review of Books""The final chapter makes ... "100 Plus" must reading for anyone who wants to have a voice." "Singularity Weblog ""The book is very well researched and deals with the most profound implications of life-extension and super-longevity.... Despite its complex topic, advanced scientific matter and hefty goals, it manages to weave the narrative in a very accessible, easy to understand and deeply engaging way. At the same time, providing a number of illuminating, counter-intuitive conclusions that only a deep, unprejudiced and honest researcher can reach." "Huffington Post " ""100 Plus" lays out the lifespan conundrum in engaging detail.... The book is chock full of stories featuring new medical and technological innovation." Ben Goertzel, "h+ ""I have to congratulate Sonia Arrison on putting together a book that is both highly accessible to newbies with no prior background in transhumanist thinking or longevity research, and also richly interesting to those of us who have [been] playing in these regions of conceptual space for a long time.... Combining common sense with appropriate invocations of rigorous research and statistics, Arrison provides the most systematic refutations I've seen of the standard anti-longevity arguments.... Step by step, and in an invariably good-natured and friendly way, she demolishes these arguments, making a solid case that increased healthspan is likely improve rather than degrade our emotional health and family lives and enhance our careers and economies.... I would...recommend it to "anyone."..who is interested in a broader understanding of the world as it's unfolding." Bookworm Sez "[D]eep and deeply fascinating. If you want something that will tickle your imagination with enticing what-ifs, in fact, then nothing could hold a candle to this book.""The Futurist" "Audiences of all kinds will find "100 Plus "to be a thoughtful and stimulating discussion."

About the Author

Sonia Arrison is a founder, academic advisor, and trustee at Singularity University, located in Mountain View, CA. She is also a senior fellow at the Pacific Research Institute (PRI) and a columnist for TechNewsWorld. As a frequent media contributor and guest, her work has appeared on CNN and in the Los Angeles Times, New York Times, Wall Street Journal, and USA Today. She lives in the San Francisco Bay Area.

Product details

  • Format: Kindle Edition
  • File Size: 917 KB
  • Print Length: 274 pages
  • Page Numbers Source ISBN: 0465063764
  • Publisher: Basic Books; First Trade Paper Edition edition (23 Aug. 2011)
  • Sold by: Amazon Media EU S.à r.l.
  • Language: English
  • ASIN: B0055TH4SC
  • Text-to-Speech: Enabled
  • X-Ray:
  • Word Wise: Not Enabled
  • Enhanced Typesetting: Not Enabled
  • Average Customer Review: 4.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (2 customer reviews)
  • Amazon Bestsellers Rank: #535,344 Paid in Kindle Store (See Top 100 Paid in Kindle Store)
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Most Helpful Customer Reviews
4.0 out of 5 stars 100 Plus 21 Mar. 2012
By Rolf Dobelli TOP 1000 REVIEWER
Technology analyst Sonia Arrison draws on the latest research as she explores the philosophical, religious, environmental, cultural and economic implications of living to be 100 years of age or older. Will society place the same value on life? Will pollution increase and the food supply dwindle? How will familial relationships change when mothers give birth well beyond middle age? How can you climb the corporate ladder if no one ever retires? Although the book offers interesting snapshots of what life could be like when people live to be older than 100, it could use a little more connective tissue. Oh well, live (long) and learn. Despite that caveat, getAbstract recommends Arrison's musings about life extension to those who are alive and like it.
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4.0 out of 5 stars Good book 9 Aug. 2013
Format:Hardcover|Verified Purchase
Informative and up to date information backed by a lot of scientific data. Good read for anyone looking into the new world :)
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Most Helpful Customer Reviews on (beta) 4.7 out of 5 stars  43 reviews
20 of 23 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Fantastic! 19 Aug. 2011
By Saar - Published on
Format:Hardcover|Verified Purchase
I have been fascinated about aging for a long time since I took some biochemistry classes back in college. This book is totally fascinating and has me thinking very differently about what happens to our society and lives in a world where we all live longer. Unlike many books about aging, I love that this book addresses some of the non-obvious issues around aging that I had never considered.
Totally fascinating and HIGHLY RECOMMENDED!
19 of 22 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars A fantastic overview of longevity 17 Aug. 2011
By Auren Hoffman - Published on
There are thousands of books concerned with the singularity and how to live forever. And there is a lot of controversy around life extension. Arrison does a great job navigating the science, politics, and societal impact of greater longevity. In first world countries, the number one killer of people is not starvation, sexually transmitted disease, or accidents. The number one killer of people is old age. I was impressed how Arrison got into the guts of the conversation and discusses the benefits and also the detriments of life extension. If we do move to a world where we are living significantly longer, society will likely radically change. Marriage, contracts, entitlement obligations, jobs, education, religious beliefs, and more may all be be altered in the new world. Highly recommend 100+ by Sonia Arrison ... it made me think.
16 of 19 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Best and Most Thoughtful overview of the topic 24 Aug. 2011
By David Gobel - Published on
Format:Kindle Edition|Verified Purchase
The best thing about 100+ is that it documents the increases in healthy longevity that are already happening right now. Refreshingly, it treats widely held cultural and religious values with legitimate respect, without resorting to the typical elitist/dismissive tone others have taken. 100+ carefully covers new ground on topics that I've not seen covered in detail before - such as how longevity will affect the future of childbearing and the family - based on little known trends and science happening right now. This book is also the best survey of the field of life extension to date, giving useful and actionable insights on such topics as population growth, the environment, economics, medical trials and advances in biotech without burdening the reader with red-herring issues like immortality or demonizing the "opposition".

The book is an easy and compelling read and even though I've read extensively on the subject, each page of 100+ offers up new facts with real value - no filler or arm waving here! Highly recommended.

David Gobel
Methuselah Foundation
6 of 6 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Fantastic exposition for newbies and experienced transhumanists alike 22 Oct. 2011
By Benjamin Goertzel - Published on
As a long-time immortalist and longevity researcher, I opened up Sonia Arrison's new book "100 Plus: How the Coming Age of Longevity Will Change Everything, From Careers and Relationships to Family and Faith" with some trepidation. First of all, I already know a lot about the topic, so I reckoned I had little to learn from a popular treatment like this. Secondly, from my own radical futurist point of view, living 100+ years is not that exciting -- I'm more psyched about 1000+ or 100000+, or better yet breaking out of the whole restrictive linear time axis altogether!

But actually I enjoyed the book very much, and I have to congratulate Sonia Arrison on putting together a book that is both highly accessible to newbies with no prior background in transhumanist thinking or longevity research, and also richly interesting to those of us who have playing in these regions of conceptual space for a long time. The main concepts in the book are indeed things I've been familiar with for a long time

* There is a host of rapidly accelerating technologies with the apparent capability of dramatically extending human healthspan

* Most likely, human psychology and society will adapt to dramatically increased human healthspan as it occurs, so that it will be experienced primarily as a Good Thing rather than as something traumatic or troublesome

However, the book is packed with a sufficient number of interesting informational tidbits, that I found it well worth reading in spite of my general familiarity with the biology, psychology and sociology of radical longevity.

Arrison reviews the key technological streams leading us toward radically increased healthspan -- including gene therapy, stem cell therapy, Aubrey de Grey's SENS concept, artificial organs, tissue regeneration, the potential application of advanced AI to longevity research, and so forth. Both current research and envisioned future advances are considered.

Then, in what is probably the greatest strength of the book, she considers the potential psychological and social impact of progressively increasing healthspan: the effects, as the book's subtitle indicates, on personal life, family relationships, marriage, careers and the economy etc. Combining common sense with appropriate invocations of rigorous research and statistics, Arrison provides the most systematic refutations I've seen of the standard anti-longevity arguments -- "death gives life meaning", "overpopulation will starve or bankrupt us all", and so forth. Step by step, and in an invariably good-natured and friendly way, she demolishes these arguments, making a solid case that increased healthspan is likely improve rather than degrade our emotional health and family lives and enhance our careers and economies.

The core of her arguments is pretty simple: Ultimately, death is a sad thing that causes more personal harm than good in most cases, and aging does harm to science and business and other human pursuits by taking people out of the workforce at a time when they've finally gained a rich and mature understanding of their fields of endeavor. But, given the amount of emotional attachment that so many people have to our current ways of thinking and living, that are adapted to early death, making these arguments carefully and tactfully is a tricky task -- and Arrison does a fantastic job!

I was amused to read her re-counting of 1970s arguments that Earth was running out of food for people, and predicting starvation in the 1980s and 90s unless the population explosion was damped. Instead, what we have is an obesity epidemic in the US and some other developed companies -- and a general recognition that the malnutrition problem still existent in some Third World countries is one of food distribution rather than food production. Technology for food production advanced in a way that 1970s techno and population pessimists did not foresee. Similarly, Arrison argues, technology and society will adapt to the challenges posed by increasing healthspan, in 1000s of large and small ways that are difficult to foresee right now in detail.

I don't agree with every little point the book makes. For instance, the book sometimes reflects a tendency toward political Libertarianism that makes me uncomfortable. Arrison appears opposed to government funding of human enhancements for the economically less fortunate, arguing that government intervention always has various indirect costs and consequences. My own suspicion is that these costs will be worth paying, and it will be important for governments to explicitly ensure that healthspan extension and other technologically enabled biological benefits are made available to everyone regardless of economic means. But in the context of the book as a whole, this is a minor quibble, as it's not one of the book's focus areas. By and large Arrison stays wisely clear of short-term political issues, as well as grander futurist issues like the Singularity, and focuses on the likelihood of dramatic human healthspan extension and its probable beneficial consequences.

I would recommend 100 Plus to experienced transhumanists and futurists who want to get a richer perspective on the likely social and psychological impacts of radical healthspan extension ... and perhaps more importantly, I would also recommend it to to anyone, regardless of background in future technology or transhumanist thinking, who is interested in a broader understanding of the world as it's unfolding. For instance, my mother and sister work in social work and education, and don't know much about biology or the Singularity or the Methuselarity -- and when I've discussed the possibility of radical healthspan extension with them, they've raised the familiar complaints about death helping give life meaning, overpopulation, and so forth. I think both of them would enjoy 100 Plus and appreciate its careful exposition, and in fact I plan to pass my copy along to my mom now that I've finished it.

The more people outside the transhumanist community who read 100 Plus, the better -- I think books like this can go a long way toward getting some of the goals that we radical futurists consider "obvious", more widely accepted and adopted and better funded by society at large.
6 of 6 people found the following review helpful
4.0 out of 5 stars Excellent Overview of Anti-Aging ISSUES 30 Oct. 2011
By Book Fanatic - Published on
This book is not like many others a how-to of anti-aging. It doesn't provide any practical advice at all. Further it is mostly not about the science of anti-aging or the evidence that we, as the author claims, are on the cusp of a real revolution in human life-extension. I agree with her assessment of that. In fact there is only one 27 page chapter on the science involved. What this book is about are the social issues that will arise as dramatic life-extension occurs. I want to make sure potential readers understand what they are getting.

With that out of the way I do think the author has provided an excellent overview of the subject. The life-extension revolution that is about to occur is something that I don't think we are prepared for, nor are most people more than vaguely aware of it. The author provides a very interesting read on the subject. Her chapters include the following:

Humankind's Eternal Quest for the Fountain of Youth
How Science and Technology Will Increase Life Span
Mother Nature and the Longevity Revolution
The Longevity Divide: Does Living Longer Mean Living Better?
The Changing Face of Family
The Financial Implications of Longevity
The Afterlife Versus a Longer Life: Religion in the Age of Longevity
Leadership for a Longer-Lived World
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